Electrical engineering was established as a separate discipline from the branch of physics more than a century ago. The Department of Electrical Engineering at Tsinghua University was founded in 1932 as one of the first five engineering departments.

In the beginning, there were two groups in the department, the power group and the communication group. Then in 1952, China underwent a national scale recombination of universities and departments according to the Soviet Union’s higher education structure. Influenced by this trend, the Department of Electronic Engineering, based on the communication group, was created. Later the Department of Computer Science and Technology and the Department of Automation were established with the same reasons in 1958 and 1970 respectively. The latest separation took place in 2001, when the Department of Biomedical Engineering was founded, based on the applied electronics group in Department of Electrical Engineering, to be the first department in the School of Medicine. The new departments evolving from the Department of Electrical Engineering are illustrated in Fig. 1.1.


Fig. 1.1 Departments evolving from the Department of Electrical Engineering


Although many research disciplines were separated in the development of the Department of Electrical Engineering, its basic ideas have never been changed, these can be summarized as scientific research and talents cultivation to both meet the strategic demands of the nation and keep up with the cutting edge of world scientific development.

The Department of Electrical Engineering currently has five research fields. They are power system and its automation, high voltage and insulation technology, electrical machinery and electric equipment, electrical theory and new technology, power electronics and power drives respectively. These fields cover the major themes of power engineering and have strong ties with electronics, computer science and other disciplines.